Rajasthan is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert), which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with Pakistan. It is one of the most beautiful states of India which attracts very large number of domestic and foreign tourist in India. The state borders Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north. Rajasthan covers an area of 132,150 sq mi or 342,239 km². The proportion of the state's total area to the total area of the country is 10.41 per cent.
Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the state. Geographical features include the Thar Desert along north-western Rajasthan and the termination of the Ghaggar River near the archaeological ruins at Kalibanga, which are the oldest in the subcontinent discovered so far.
One of the world's oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu, famous for Dilwara Temples, a sacred pilgrimage for Jains. Eastern Rajasthan has the world famous Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, once famous for its bird life and is a World Heritage Site and two famous national tiger reserves, Ranthambore and Sariska Tiger Reserve. Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when all erstwhile princely states ruled by Rajputs, known as Rajputana, merged into the Dominion of India.
As the State of Rajasthan was formed by merging the princely States, it has many dialects.
The four main dialects are Marwari (in western Rajasthan), Jaipuri or Dhundhari (in the east and southeast), Malvi (Malwi in the southeast), and, in Alwar, Mewati is spoken, which shades off into Braj Bhasa in Bharatpur district.
The main written and spoken language is Hindi. English is also commonly understood, except at the grassroots. However, tourist guides and interpreters are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese.
PLACES TO VISIT
A unique destination for adventure and eco tourism.
Exclusive style of architecture of palaces and royal residences.
‘Venice of the East’.
Located 84 kms north of Udaipur in the wilderness, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel after Chittaurgarh in the Mewar region.
Considered as one of the five holy places for the Jain community.
Chittorgarh is home to the Chittorgarh Fort the largest fort in India.
The second largest desert city in Rajasthan after Jaipur.
“The Golden City”
Bikaner is one of the three main destinations in Desert circuit and a royal fortified City with a timeless appeal of the royal aura.
The capital city and the natural gateway to the exotic Rajasthan.
Being surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains, Ajmer, also known as Ajaymeru, was the city once ruled by Prithviraj Chauhan.
Home to the Ranthambore National Park and the historic Ranthambore Fortress.
It is often called "Tirth Raj" - the king of pilgrimage sites.
Sariska National Park. It is prime tiger country.
The undiscovered splendour 36kms from Kota, which has fairytale quality about their palaces and forts.